Table 3

Factors influencing men's involvement in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV programme (N = 387).

Factor (Variable)

Respondents with high involvement index

n/N (%)

Unadjusted Odds Ratio

(95% CI)

Adjusted Odds Ratio

(95% CI)


Age (years)

19-29

37/146 (25)

1.0

1.0

30+

62/241 (26)

1.0 (0.6-1.6)

1.1 (0.6-1.8)

Education (years)

0-7

45/231 (20)

1.0

1.0

8+

54/156 (35)

2.2 (1.4-3.5)**

1.9 (1.1-3.3)*

Residence

Rural

65/250 (26)

1.0

1.0

Urban

34/137 (25)

0.9 (0.6-1.5)

0.8 (0.5-1.5)

Religion

Muslim

43/193 (22)

1.0

1.0

Christian

56/194 (29)

1.4 (0.9-2.2)

1.1 (0.6-1.9)

Occupation

Others

82/309 (26)

1.0

1.0

Driver/Bodaboda cyclists

4/47 (08)

0.3 (0.1-0.7)*

0.3 (0.1-0.9)*

Professional

13/31 (42)

2.0 (0.9-4.3)

1.1 (0.5-2.7)

Fears disclosure of HIV results to wife

No

78/252 (31)

1.0

1.0

Yes

14/100 (14)

0.4 (0.2-0.7)**

0.4 (0.2-0.7)**

Knows his HIV sero-status

No

78/347 (22)

1.0

1.0

Yes

21/40 (52)

3.8 (2.0-7.4)**

1.9 (0.9-4.4)

Ever heard of PMTCT

No

51/257 (20)

1.0

1.0

Yes

48/130 (37)

2.4 (1.5-3.8)**

1.6 (0.9-2.7)


I. * is 0.01 ≤ P ≤ 0.05 and ** is P < 0.01. II. The variables in the final multivariate logistic regression model were: age, education, place of residence, religion and occupation of the respondents; fears disclosure of HIV sero-status results to his wife, knows his sero-status and ever heard of PMTCT. III. The sample size was 387 men (analysed for male involvement index). IV. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; PMTCT, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; HIV, Human immunodeficiency virus.

Byamugisha et al. Reproductive Health 2010 7:12   doi:10.1186/1742-4755-7-12

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